分类：英语学习方法 | 发布日期：2012-6-15 19:24:25
以下按字母顺序排列1.askA.问 1) vt.
May I ask you a question?
I have something to ask you.
Jack asked me how to start the machine.
She asked what time it was.2) vi.
I asked only out of curiosity.www.52xxzl.com/xxff/7423.html
Tom went to ask about the train.
If you don’t understand, ask.B.要求；请求；征求 vt.
I’m going to the workers to ask their advice.
He asked Joe to get in touch with them.
He was asked to see them off.C.邀请 vt.
They asked us over their dinner.
They often ask him out to sea.D.习语
ask sth. of sb. 向某人问2.break
vt. A. 打破、打碎、打断
Who broke the window into pieces?
He fell and broke his leg.
Try not to break the silence.
He often breaks his promise/his word/ the law/ the rule.
C.习语break away突然离开break away from sb.脱离、离开、背弃break down 中断、粉碎、发生故障、（身体）跨了、（机器）坏了break forth迸发、爆发、发泄break in闯进、打断break in on sb.打断某人的谈话break into…闯入、侵占break…into pieces打碎break off折断、突然中断break…open 撬开break out爆发break through…突破break…up开垦、破碎、解散、分解break with sb.与某人断交break sb’s heart使某人心碎3.bring A. vt. 带来、拿来（由远而近）
Bring me the paper, please.
He forgot to bring his umbrella.
May I bring her to see you?
Shall I bring the books upstairs?
After we were seated, she brought out dishes.B.习语
bring…to an end/ a stop/ a close使终止、结束
bring… to mind使想起、回忆起
bring…to safety带到安全地带4.catchA. vt. 抓住、逮住、挂住The nail caught my coat.
He caught my hand and held it tightly.
We caught ten monkeys in all.但是 vi. 挂住
His coat caught on a nail.
The kite caught in a tree.B.赶上、搭上 We’ll hurry and catch the 10:30 bus.C.听懂 Pease repeat it. I didn’t quite catch you.
Do you catch my meaning?D.染上
He caught a bad flu.E.（出其不意地）撞上、碰上 She caught him smoking.
Some boys were caught stealing flowers from the garden.F. 给撞上、碰上 The ship was caught in a hurricane.
One night we were caught in a thunderstorm.
Hurry up and don’t get caught in a storm.G.习语catch at sth. 想抓住、设法抓住catch sb. by surprise出其不意抓住catch/get/seize/take hold of…（突然）抓住、抓牢catch sb’s attention/eye吸引某人注意catch sight of…看到、发现catch the point of…抓住…的要点catch up赶上catch up with…赶上… 补上COMEcomeA. vi.来She is coming in no time.
Here comes the soup.
He came running all the way.逐渐He has come to love the stories by William Shakespeare.
He has come to realize the importance of good English.B. link v.
His dream finally came true.C.习语come about发生come across…偶遇；偶尔发现come along一道来；一起去；进步；赶快come at…袭击come by… 获得
How did you come by these pictures?come away脱离；折断come back回来；复员；恢复come down倒下；跌落；传下来come down with…患（病）come (in) first/second得第一/二come forth出来；涌现come forward 前进；自告奋勇；涌现come from… 出身于；来自come in/ into sight出现；被看见come into being/ existence发生；产生；出现come into effect/ force开始生效；开始实施come into power/ office上台；掌握政权come into use 开始使用come off脱落；发生come on（风雨等）到来；演出；赶快come out长出来；出版come out against… 起来反对come out with… 讲出；泄露（秘密等）come to= come to oneslef苏醒过来come to …总计；谈到
His earnings comes to $182,000 a year.
When it comes to football, everyone likes David Beckham.come a conclusion得出结论；告一段落come to a stop/ an end停止come to nothing毫无结果；失败come to the point说到要点；抓住关键come up走近；长出；流行come upon…碰见5．doA. aux. v.(1) 帮助构成一般过去时或一般现在时的疑问或否定式
They do not believe it.
When id they arrive there?
I do miss you, Mum.
She does sing well.
Do be on time.
So she did come after all.
---May I come round in the evening?
---Yes, please do.
I knew he would help us, and he did.
Only then did I realize he had been wrong.
Never did he know anything about it.B. 做 vt. Can I do anything for you?
We often do our homework together.
The glass is broken. who did it?
We did some reading last night.
She did most of the talking.C. vi.
(1) 表示生活、学习等情况How do you do?They did very well in English but badly in maths.How did you do in the exam?
How are you doing?(2) 行了、够了、可以On e piece of bread will do.Talking with your mouth full won’t do.(3) 做、办
Do as you are told to.When in Rome, do as the Romans do.Let her do as she likes.D.习语do…with…处理
What have you done with my bike?can do with…将就用
I can do with the old bed.do something about…对…采取措施do sb. a favor=do a favor for sb.帮某人个忙do away with…废除、破除、去掉do sb. good/harm/wrong= do good/harm/wrong to sb. 对某人有益/有害/冤枉某人do one’s best/ bit/part=do everything/all/what one can尽力do …up包扎、扣（纽扣）do without…没有…也行、不需要have something to do with…与…有关do right/wrong做得对/做错了6.expect1. vt. 期待、预料、等待It’s what we’ve expected.Is this the letter you have been expecting?We expect to finish the work by Friday.
I expect that they will drop in.
I expect you to make more progress.
---Will he be back tonight?
---I expect so.
You arrived earlier than we had expected.2.习语
as (is/ was/ has been) expected不出所料
They came late again, as was expected.
expect too much of sb.对某人期待过高7.feel感觉、觉得A. (1) vt
Do you feel any pain when I press here?
Facing this situation, they felt both joy and fear.
(2) link v.
I don’t feel very well today.
The busier he is, the happier he feels.
The desk feels smooth.
(3) vt. 接复合宾语
I felt someone go upstairs.
I felt a great weight taken off my mind after the exam.
She felt their eyes watching her when she came to the stage.
She felt herself (to be) right.
I felt it my duty to help you.
He felt it necessary to talk about his own shortcomings.
(4) vt. 宾语从句
He felt strongly that we should take some action about the bad practice.B. vt. 摸
He felt the pot and it felt very hot.C.习语feel like doing sth.想要feel one’s way摸索前进feel sb’s pulse切脉feel as if/ as though感觉似乎She felt as if she were a member of the family.feel quite oneself 觉得身体很好8.findA. vt. (1) 发现
I found a wallet on the street corner yesterday.
He found her in danger.=He found that she was in danger.
I found him (to be) a tough guy.=I found that he was a tough guy.This method was found to be practical.=It was found that the method was practical.
I find it interesting to read these stories.= I find that it is interesting to =read these stories.
I found a dog killed in the park.= I found that a dog had been killed in the park.
I found a man breaking into a warehouse.= I found that a man was breaking into a warehouse.(2) 找到
Have you found the book you have been looking for?B.习语find…out查清楚；弄明白；了解；打听find one’s way to sp.设法赶到；进入
They found their way to the front of the crowd.
The news found its way to a lot of people.find fault with sb. 对某人吹毛求疵；挑剔find oneself…发现自己…、不自觉地…
They found themselves in a difficult situation.
Then I found myself surrounded by some boys.
He found himself walking in the direction to the park.他发现自己不知不觉地在往公园的方向走。