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例谈高考英语作文“六步法”

    分类:英语学习方法    |    发布日期:2012-10-7 19:24:25
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新编《英语课程标准》和2002年《考试说明》都对英语的书面表达能力有基本的要求。要求学生根据情景写出百字左右的短文,其形式各异。根据以上的要求我们在平时的教学中采用了“‘六步法’的写作模式”,收到了良好的效果。   例三、请根据以下提示,用英语写一篇介绍香港的短文,词数100字左右。   香港位于中国的东南部,面积1045平方公里,人口600多万,被称为“东方明珠”。1842年鸦片战争后,当时的中国政府被迫将香港割让给英国。现在她已经回到祖国的怀抱,而且前景会更加美好。   1)仔细审题:本文属于说明性文章。    2)理清要点:          (1)位置、面积和人口   (2)鸦片战争后香港的处境   (3)97年后回到祖国怀抱   (4)其前景美好   生词:明珠 pearl 鸦片 opium           3)译写单句        a) Hongkong lies in the southeast of China. Her area is 1045km2. Her population is more than 6 million.   b) She was given up to Britain after the 1842 Opium War.   c)In 1997 she returned to motherland.   d)Her future is very beautiful.    4)连句成篇   Hongkong lies in the southeast of China. Her area is 1045km2 and population is more than 6 million.   She was given up to Britain after the 1842 Opium War. In 1997 she returned to motherland, and her future is very beautiful.    5) 润色或文   Hongkong lies in the southeast of China. She has an area of 1045km2 and has a population of more than 6 million. She is well-known as “the Pearl of the East”.   In 1842, she was given up to Britain by the then Chinese government after the Opium War, and the people of Hongkong lived a hard life.   In 1997, she returned to motherland, and the people of Hongkong are and will be working hard to make her more beautiful.      6) 定稿誊写   Hongkong lies in the southeast of China. She has an area of 1045km2 and a population of more than 6 million and is well-known as “the Pearl of the East”.   In 1842 the then Chinese government was forced to give up Hongkong to Britain after the Opium War, and the people of Hongkong suffered a lot.   After the return of Hongkong to China in 1997, the people of Hongkong are united more with the Chinese people in mainland China, and they will work hard to make her more beautiful.(89 words)   例四、假如你叫张明。从《天津日报》看到某公司(石家庄)招聘一名英语秘书。根据启事请你用英语写封简短的应聘书寄往:石家庄1378信箱,说明你的履历。主要内容如下:     姓名  张明  年龄  25岁   学历  南开大学毕业   工作经历  从教英语3年   爱好和兴趣  英语口语、书面语和文秘   通讯处  南开大学101信箱   写信时间  20021029            1)仔细审题:本文属于求职书信体   2)理清要点:     (1)贵公司招聘一名英语秘书。     (2)大学毕业后从教三年。     (3)对秘书工作感兴趣。     (4)英语口语、书面语都不错。     (5)希望贵公司能录用。   3)译词单句   a)Your company wants an English secretary.   b)I work as an English teacher after I graduated from the university.   c)I am interested in the job of secretary.   d)I speak and write English very well.   e)I hope your company can employ me.   4)连句成篇      Your company wants an English secretary. I work as an English teacher after I graduated from the university. I am interested in the job of secretary. I speak and write English very well. I hope your company can employ me.   5)润色或文       An English secretary is wanted in your company. I want to take this job. My name is Zhang Ming, a girl of twenty-five. I have been teaching English for 3 years since I graduated from the English Department of Nankai University. I think I will be interested in the job of secretary. I can speak and write English very well.   I hope I want very much to be accepted by your company.   6)定稿誊写   P. O. Box. 101   Tianjin   October 29, 2002   P. O. Box 1378   Shijiazhuang   Dear sir,   I have recently learned from Tianjin Daily that an English secretary is wanted in your company. I beg to take this job. My name is Zhang Ming, a girl of twenty-five. I have been an English teacher for 3 years since I graduated from the English Department of Nankai University. I think I will be interested in the job of secretary. I can speak and write English very well.   It is hoped that I will be accepted by your company. Would you please reply to me once you have admitted me? And in future I will make more money for this company. Thank you very much.(106 words)                                                                                  Yours,                                                        Zhang Ming     例五、请根据以下内容写一份书面通知以便你在你校“校园广播”中宣读       题目  飓风及其危害   主讲人  地理教师申先生   地点  二中306教室   时间  114上午十点   注意   事项  1、请自带钢笔、笔记本喧哗。   2、请准时参加   3、会后放电影   4、11月5日下午三点讨论       1)仔细审题:本题属于书面通知形式。   2)理清要点:   (1)   由地理老师申先生主讲飓风及其危害   (2)   114上午十点在二中306教室举行   (3)   带上必要的用具。不要喧哗。请准时参加。会后看电影。第二天讨论   3)译词单句      a)HURRICANE AND ITS DAMAGE is given by geography teacher Mr. Shen.      b)It is held in Classroom 306 of No. 2 middle school at 10:00, November 4.      c)Please bring your necessary things there. Don’t talk there. Please be there on time. After the meeting there will be a discussion about that next week.   4) 连句成篇      HURRICANE AND ITS DAMAGE is given by geography teacher, Mr. Shen and it is held in Classroom 306 of No. 2 middle school at 10:00, November 4. Please bring your necessary things there. Don’t talk there and be there on time. After the meeting there will be a film to be shown. There is a discussion about that next week.   5)润色或文      A lecture on “HURRICANE AND ITS DAMAGE” will be given by geography teacher, Mr. Shen and it is held in Classroom 306 of No. 2 middle school at 10:00, November 4. When you are there please bring your pens and notebooks and don’t talk to each other, and go there on time. After the meeting a film will be shown. The next day please talk about that.   6)定稿誊写   All students:   A lecture on HURRICANE AND ITS DAMAGE will be given by geography teacher, Mr. Shen , and it is held at Classroom 306 of No. 2 middle school at 10:00, November 4. After the meeting a good film about the Long March will be shown, and a discussion about the lecture will take place at 3 p.m. tomorrow.   When you are there, please bring your pens and notebooks and attend it on time. Don’t talk to each other during the lecture.(81 words)                                                                                                     Students’ Union                                               November 3, 2002   例六、根据下列要求写一篇口头通知:   欢迎您乘坐波音747飞机。本次航班8点起飞,下午1点到达新疆乌鲁木齐市。请于7:40登机。乘客们在飞行期间请勿吸烟,系好安全带,甚至不要打手机。飞机平稳着陆后方可走动。谢谢合作。   生词:波音 Boeing   乌鲁木齐 Urumuqi   登机 board   1)仔细审题:本文属于口头通知   2)理清提要   (1)欢迎您乘坐波音747飞机   (2)本次航班的登机时间以及起降时间   (3)飞行期间请注意乘机的有关规定。   3)译词单句    a)You are welcome on the Boeing 747 plane.    b)Please board the plane at 7:40. The plane takes off at 8:00 and arrives at 1 p.m. in Urumuqi, Xinjiang.    c)During the flight don’t smoke, and fasten your seat belt, and even don’t make a mobile phone call to anyone else. But don’t move around until the plane lands safe.   4)连句成篇   You are welcome on the Boeing 747 plane.   Please board the plane at 7:40. The plane takes off at 8 and arrives at 1 p.m. in Urumuqi, Xinjiang. During the flight don’t smoke, and fasten your seat belt and even don’t make a mobile phone call to anyone else. But don’t move around until the plane lands safe.   5)润色或文   You are welcome on the Boeing 747 plane.   Please board the plane at 7:40. It takes off at 8 and arrives at 1p.m. in Urumuqi, Xinjiang. During the flight please don’t smoke, and fasten your seat belt and even don’t make a mobile phone call to anyone else. Don’t move around until the plane lands safe.   6定稿誊写   Ladies and gentlemen:   You are welcome on the Boeing 747 plane.   Please board the plane at 7:40. It takes off at 8 a.m. and arrives at 1 p.m. in Urumuqi, Xinjiang in the northwest of China. During the flight you must follow its rules and the conductors’ instructions. For example, please don’t smoke in the plane, and fasten your seat belts and even don’t make a mobile phone call to anyone else. Don’t move around until the plane lands safe.   Thank you very much (81 words)   例七、改写      假定你刚从澳洲访问归来。下列的对话是你在澳洲的一段经历。请你用第一人称把这个对话改写成一篇短文。      A: Excuse me, I was wondering if you could help me.      B: Certainly. I will be glad to try. What do you need?      A: Could you tell me when the next bus leaves for Sydney? I’m not sure how to read this timetable.      B: H-m-m. It looks like one leaves at 12:25.      A: Thank you very much. I couldn’t figure it out. What time do you have by your watch now?      B: 11:20. You have much time.      A: Oh, good. Do you know where I could get a cup of coffee?      B: There’s a machine over there.      A: I’m sorry to keep bothering you but can you show me how it works?      B: Sure. Put a plastic cup under the spout. Put your money in here at the top. Select the kind of coffee you want and push the button next to it. The coffee will pour into your cup.      生词:figure out 搞清    bother 打扰     spout 喷口   1)仔细审题:本文属于记叙文题目。改写时注意   2)理清要点:    1)在汽车站等车。    2)有一位妇女坐在我旁边。    3)问下一班公交车几时发以及对方的时间。    4)因为时间充足,要咖啡喝。    5)不知道怎样使用机器,所以对方告诉了使用方法。   3)译词单句    a) I wait for a bus at a bus station.    b) A woman sits next to me.    c)I ask her when the next bus leaves and she tells me it is leaving at 12:25.    d)Because the time is enough I want a cup of coffee to drink.    e)I don’t know how to use the machine and the woman tells me its usage.   4) 连句成篇    I was waiting for a bus at a bus station. A woman sat next to me, and I asked her when the next bus left and she told me it was 12:20. Because the time was enough I wanted to drink a cup of coffee. But I didn’t know how to use the machine.   5)润色或文    I was waiting for a bus at a bus station. A woman sat next to me, and I asked her when the next bus left and she told me it was 12:20. Because the time was enough I wanted to drink a cup of coffee. But I didn’t know how to use the machine. She told me to put a plastic cup under the spout and put the money in here at the top. At last I di as she told.   6)定稿誊写    I was waiting for a bus at a bus station. I needed some help. There was a woman sitting next to me. So I asked her to tell me when the next bus left for Sydney. She told me that it was leaving at 12:20. Since I had got plenty of time I wanted to have a cup of coffee. The woman showed me a machine. But I didn’t know how to use it. She told me to put a plastic under the spout and put money in at the top. At last I did as she told me. (99 words)



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